|Every champion seems to have a special shoe.|
This horse wears an open-frog rock 'n roll.
But underneath, that horse is pure rock n roll.
Although someone suggested that, when it came time for The Hoof Blog to show his shoes, the soundtrack should change to the theme from Twilight Zone.
In the past, we’ve shared the news that the USA’s top dressage horse, Ravel, ridden by California’s Steffen Peters, won the FEI World Cup in high-tech plastic Epona shoes. And that when triple-world champion Totilas left The Netherlands, his new German management team switched his minimalist steel Rob Renirie open-heeled shoes for heart bars.
|Like all FEI dressage horses, Fuego is wrapped and wears bell boots except when he is the ring. Who'd ever know what's under those bell boots? (Closeup of top image, by Mrs Flax)|
At the 2010 Alltech FEI World Equestrian Games in Lexington, Kentucky last year, it wasn’t only the Dutch superhorse Totilas who captivated the audience. No one was counting on the big gray Spanish PRE stallion Fuego XII (now known as Fuego de Cardenas). He and his rider, Juan Manuel Munoz Diaz, had the crowd roaring and clapping. Their music was contagious.
The rider played to the crowd and showboated with some one-handed changes down the center line, and the horse just had that look, even if his movements weren’t as fluidly extravagant as Totilas or as precisionist as the USA’s Ravel. (Watch Fuego's WEG freestyle video here.)
A star was born. And back home in Spain, a superstar was confirmed.
That could be the end of the story right there, except that the horse had a secret weapon. His hooves were shod with a special shoe rarely seen in the USA. It was featured in an article a few years ago in Hoofcare & Lameness, so dust off your back issues and re-read Rock n Roll Flying Saucers by Hans Castelijns.
Luckily for us, our friend Erin Ryder of Kentucky Equine Research happened to snap a couple of photos of Fuego’s feet when his bell boots were off during the dressage trot-up inspection.
But once the Games were over, attempts to contact the rider and talk about the shoes weren't successful. It’s not good form to expose a horse’s feet after the fact, since he might have been wearing the shoes only for that competition. So the story of Fuego’s fancy feet languished in the Hoof Blog incubator for a year.
Call it a cooling-off period.
Enter a raft of new photos and videos of Fuego and evidence that he is still wearing those crazy shoes.
Fuego’s time had come. And maybe those shoes weren't so crazy after all.
I decided to approach the story from the angle of the shoes and updating the article rather than the famous horse, so I contacted the author, Italian vet/farrier Hans Castelijns.
|A closed-heel 3-D rock n roll shoe.|
(© Hans Castelijns photo)
Of course. Seville. What a coincidence that I was calling an Italian vet about a Spanish horse and he was in Spain.
It turned out that he wasn’t just on holiday in Spain; he was working there. Shoeing a horse. And the horse was Fuego.
Cue the Twilight Zone theme. What are the chances of that?
Juan Manuel Munoz Diaz of Spain riding Fuego XII competes in the Grand Prix Special Dressage Competition at the World Equestrian Games in Lexington, Kentucky September 29, 2010. REUTERS/Caren Firouz (UNITED STATES - Tags: SPORT EQUESTRIANISM)
As it turns out, Hans Castelijns has been shoeing the big gray horse for almost three years.
|Hans Castelijns, DVM, Farrier|
(Fran Jurga/Hoofcare archive)
"They are more appropriately classified as belonging to the "full rolling motion" family of shoes: They have a large ground surface, which is, however, concentrated under the middle of the foot, away from the outer edges of the hoof.
"The same concept exists at least since the Middle Ages and is also explained in the "old" (edition of) Adams Lameness in Horses. The novelty is perhaps only in the use of lightweight aluminum alloys."
|A different type of full rolling motion shoe in aluminum from the case photos of Michael Wildenstein, probably an Equi+. Notice the dome effect. (© Hoofcare Publishing and Michael Wildenstein)|
Up to now, the only place in America I have seen the Euro rock n roll shoes is hanging on the wall at the Rood and Riddle Podiatry Center and in Michael Wildenstein’s arsenal at Cornell vet school. This is in spite of Hans Castelijns' ambitious worldwide lecture schedule and evangelical enthusiasm for the concept of a full rolling motion of performance horses that need some help. He does a very good job of explaining the mechanical principles of the shoe, but the takers are few.
Hans continues, "As the competition arenas become stiffer (less penetrable) due to the use of geotextile-type surfaces, the large amount of sideways work dressage horses perform (pirouette, small circles, shoulder-in etc.) can, in selected cases, be facilitated by the use of these shoes.
"Reining arenas are not very deep, either (as they have to enable sliding stops) and some reiners at the top level also benefit from these shoes. This seems logical as these horses also have to excel at lateral movements, like the spin. Italy was very successful at the European championships in Austria (shod this way)."
|Normal shoe (left) vs rock n roll for lateral work|
Illustration at left courtesy of Dr. Hans Castelijns.
In doing so, it creates a pivot under the foot. It's been touted as being very kind to a horse with any type of ringbone issues, but you can also see that the plate-like platform fitted to the full foot, along with the aluminum-dense inner pivot shoe, keep the hoof wall out of first-impact with the footing in a dressage arena. Many horses might take very kindly to that change.
Note: there is a shoe design in the United States, also called a rock 'n roll shoe, but it is based on different mechanics and was popularized by Dr. Ric Redden. The European rock 'n roll shoe is made in Italy by a company called Colleoni.
The end result: Here's Fuego doing a special performance in the SICAM arena this winter. He's the most popular horse in Spain right now, with good reason. At the otherwise-staid freestyle during the World Equestrian Games, no one was expecting one-tempi changes on a left-handed circle and a dare-devil one-handed one-tempi parade up the center line. Juanma and Fuego woke up the audience, and perhaps even woke up the sport of dressage a little bit.
What part of his success is owed to his shoes? Who knows, but he has been amazingly consistent in his scoring and persistent in his appearances at major events. Something is keeping this horse going strong. The Spaniards dare to be different in the performance of the required movements and carry that difference all the way down to the horse's hooves.
And all the way to bringing in someone who will dare to try things that might help a horse get around the arena with less effort, less stress on his joints and soft tissue, and more points on the scoreboard.
Thanks, as always, to Dr Hans Castelijns for making us think, and for testing and proving his theories with good work. He could easily have let it be known he was behind this horse but he modestly let me figure it out. I have a feeling he knew I would line up the dots, sooner or later. I'm just sorry it was so much later.
Dare to be different, readers and friends. No one's ever made fun of Totilas, Ravel and Fuego because they are amazed that such supremely talented horses would be shod differently--whether it was Totilas' minimalism at WEG or his heart-bars this spring or Fuego and Ravel's eclectic choice of shoewear. It worked for them. Maybe it's true that there an ideal shoe and an ideal trim for every horse; the trick is to find it and fine tune it and let the horse's soundness reward your independent thinking.
TO LEARN MORE:
Castelijns, Hans: Flying saucers and rock n' roll: Full rolling motion shoes in equine podiatry: Hoofcare + Lameness 78.
Castelijns, Hans: Shoeing for Palmar Hoof Pain (and many other papers) at http://www.farriery.eu
Caudron et al: Radiological assessment of the effects of a full rolling motion shoe during asymmetrical bearing: Equine Veterinary Journal Suppl. 23 (1997)
Russell, William; Scientific Horseshoeing, various editions, discusses the benefits of rolling motion shoes for conformational and lameness compensation.
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